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Transport, urbanization and economic development in England and Wales c.1670-1911

Transport, urbanization and economic development in England and Wales c.1670-1911

Occupational data 1817-1911

From the 1st January 1813 it was a legal requirement to record the father's occupation for legitimate births. In previous projects we collected data from c.11,400 Anglican parish registers for the years 1813-20 giving us a quasi-census of male occupational structure at parish level centred on 1817. From 1841 the census recorded male occupations at the individual level every ten years. Thanks to the ICeM project run by Kevin Schurer (Leicester) and Eddy Higgs (Essex) some 200 million individual digital records are now available from 1851-1911. This means that for 1851-1911 we can, amongst much else, map occupational structure for males and females every ten years at the level of the census parish (about 15,000 units). All the data are coded to PST, the coding scheme developed by the project by Tony Wrigley.

The three maps below show the share of the adult male labour force accounted for by the secondary sector, by the tertiary sector and by transport, 1817-1911.

Secondary sector share

tertiary sector sharetransport share