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Transport, urbanization and economic development in England and Wales c.1670-1911

Transport, urbanization and economic development in England and Wales c.1670-1911

Road and waterway traffic data, 1600-1830

The traffic data includes the numbers of coach and wagon services between cities and towns, beds and stabling for travellers, and freight tonnages for customs ports. In some cases, only services between London and other towns are provided. For the seventeenth century carrier services from London derive from a digitisation of John DeLaune's Angliae Metropolis (edn 1681 & 1690). The regional distribution of beds for travellers and stabling for horses for some 11,000 place has been digitised from the War Office stabling returns of 1686 (TNA, WO 30/48). For the nineteenth century the principal source we have used is Alan Bates' Directory of Stage Coach Services, 1836. Design of its database to include the origin, intermediate stops and final destination as a series of numbered arrays enables the GIS to depict the coaching routes as a series of straight lines as shown in the following map of London coach routes.

The first map below shows scheduled freight services by wheeled vehicles and packhorses between towns and London as given in DeLaune. The second map shows spare stabling in 1686. The third map shows the coaching routes between London and major towns in England and Wales around 1836.

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stables1686.png

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