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Transport, urbanization and economic development in England and Wales c.1670-1911

Transport, urbanization and economic development in England and Wales c.1670-1911

Towns in England and Wales

This database lists all settlements in England and Wales that could be considered to be a town at some point between c. 1611 to c. 1900 on one or other criteria widely used by historians and found in 20 different sources. Most of these sources list extant markets at various dates across the seventeenth and nineteenth centuries. Another key source is Law and Robson's list of settlements that had a population over 2.500 at any date in the nineteenth century. Not all of these 'candidate towns' will in fact have been towns. For instance some villages may have had markets and in the nineteenth century some villages certainly had populations over 2.500. The database contains transcriptions of these lists, some of which include population estimates and other information such as market days. It includes linkage to two GIS datasets: the first is of town points derived from the location of each settlements main market place or other central feature if there is none, and the second is outlines of candidate town footprints i.e. the built-up parts of towns digitized from the OS first revision 1:2500 or 1:10560 mapping (1891-1914).

The first map below shows all candidate towns in the database. The second map shows the actual physical areas of all candidate towns in the late nineteenth century.

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